14 Incorporated Crafts

  • Hammermen
    Founded in 1536, the Incorporation of Hammermen of Glasgow originally comprised craftsmen associated with metalworking - traditionally, "men who wielded the hammer"; blacksmiths, goldsmiths, lorimers, cutlers, armourers, sword-makers, clockmakers, locksmiths, pewterers, tinsmiths etc.
  • Tailors
    The Tailors were formally incorporated in October 1527 to uphold the standards of the garment making industry in Glasgow. New members had to pass an entrance test by producing in a locked room "for men one upper coat, one waistcoat and a pair of breeches according to the fashion or for a woman a gown and a petticoat according to the fashion... or a pair of stays if he is a staymaker."
  • Cordiners
    In old Glasgow, boots, jerkins and other leather goods were provided by a group of tanners, curriers, barkers and souters. They adopted the single title of Cordiners (from "Cordoba - workers", i.e. those who worked with the best Spanish shoe-leather) while in due course their ranks were augmented by craftsmen from the Netherlands and France to replace those "slane in the wars".
  • Maltmen
    Today's Maltmen represent an ancient craft which goes back to prehistoric times in Scotland. By the 17th century, perhaps the heyday of Scotland's old burghs, maltmen or brewers were well established in every town. Their craft symbol of malt shovels and sheaves of corn can still be found on gravestones all over the country as indeed can those of the other crafts.
  • Weavers
    The Weavers of Glasgow date back to the middle ages when members of the craft were those entitled to make and sell woven clothes within the ancient burgh. The craft became incorporated by a charter from the famous Archbishop Gavin Dunbar as feudal lord of Glasgow in 1528, but is known to have been in existence at least as far back as 1514. It celebrated its 500th Anniversary on 9th March 2014.
  • Bakers
    The exact date on which the Incorporation of Bakers was founded is uncertain but it is known that the Incorporation existed long prior to its first official mention in 1556.
  • Skinners & Glovers
    The Incorporation of Skinners claims to be the oldest of the fourteen Incorporated Trades of Glasgow, incorporated on 28 May 1516 by the burgh of Glasgow's feudal superior, Archbishop James Beaton, then also Chancellor of Scotland.
  • Wrights
    In order to recognise the Craftsmen who were helping to build Glasgow Cathedral at the beginning of the 11th Century, King Malcolm III of Scotland granted the Craftsmen a Royal Charter in 1057. The effect of this was that the governing structure of the Crafts was from then on officially recognised by the state.
  • Coopers
    The Incorporation originated along with the Wrights in the ancient craft of the Masons. In 1569 the Coopers separated from the Masons and Wrights and were granted their own charter.
  • Fleshers
    The Fleshers became an incorporation in 1580 to regulate the affairs of those who provided meat for the growing population of Glasgow.
  • Masons
    The Masons along with the Wrights and Coopers claim to have been first incorporated by King Malcolm III of Scotland in 1057. Since its origin Craft members have been closely involved with the buildings of a city whose Victorian heritage in particular is now ranked among the foremost in Europe. Whilst still very much associated with Glasgow's thriving building and architectural community, the Masons no longer of course exercise their medieval monopoly.
  • Gardeners
    The Incorporation of Gardeners of Glasgow with its motto: "Gardening the First of Arts", is one of the fourteen Craft Guilds which together form the Trades House of Glasgow. About the year 1605, on an application from a number of "practical gardeners", the Craft obtained a charter from the Burgh of Glasgow, conferring the usual rights and privileges.
  • Barbers
    The honourable craft of the Barber can be traced to the earliest times and the motto of the Glasgow craft, "Munda hæc vigebat diebus Josephi patriarchæ Jacobi filii, Aegypti præfecti", translates into English as "This elegant art flourished in the days of Joseph, son of Jacob the patriarch, Governor of Egypt".
  • Bonnetmakers & Dyers
    When the Town Council of Glasgow awarded a Seal of Cause (or Charter) in 1597 to the voluntary Association that had hitherto been supervising the bonnetmakers trading in the city, the craft of bonnetmaking received official recognition in Glasgow. The effect of the Charter was to completely transform the unofficial and weak Association of craftsmen who made bonnets, woollen socks and wylie coats (flannel undervests or petticoats), into a legally recognised Craft with important powers, privileges and liberties