INCORPORATION OF WRIGHTS IN GLASGOW
I. MANAGEMENT AND
1. The affairs of the Incorporation
shall be managed by the Master Court, consisting of the Deacon,
Collector, Late Deacon, and Late Collector, Ten Trade's Masters and
Two Key Keepers, of whom seven shall be a quorum. The
Master Court shall have the assistance of a Clerk, and also an
Officer, if need be.
The Court may also have the assistance of Honorary Members, who
shall be proposed and seconded at one Meeting of the Craft, duly
called, and voted upon at the Annual Meeting of the Craft next
ensuing. Such Honorary Members shall not have a deliberative
vote in the Court.
2. The Deacon, Collector, Five of
the Trade's Masters and One of the Key Keepers, shall be elected
annually at a General Meeting of the Qualified Members, specially
convened for that purpose. The Trade's Masters shall be
elected for a period of two years and five of them shall retire
annually. The Deacon shall have the privilege of
appointing one Key Keeper. Masters retiring by rotation may
be re-elected Members of the Court. Nominations for the
vacant offices, except those of the Trade's Key and Deacon's Key
shall be made only at the Lammas Court Meeting. The
nominations for each office of Deacon, Collector, or Master shall
be made separately, and each nomination must be made by one
qualified Member and seconded by another in writing. Should a
Member nominated for any office die or withdraw before the day of
election and the remaining nominations be insufficient to fill the
vacancies, additional nominations without any limit may be made at
the General Meeting for the election of Office-Bearers.
QUALIFICATION of COLLECTOR and
3. No one shall be eligible for the
office of Collector who has not been a Member of the Master Court
for at least one year immediately preceding his election, and no
one shall be eligible for the office of Deacon until he has held
that of Collector and had his accounts honourably discharged.
Any person may be re-elected to the office of Deacon.
4. On the day of the General
Election of Office-Bearers, and immediately after the Court has
been filled up, the Trade shall elect four Members of the
Incorporation to represent it in the Trades' House, one Member to
be Delegate for the Gorbal Lands, and one of its representatives in
the House to be a Member of the Committee of the House on the Hall
Buildings in Glassford Street.
5. The Collector shall receive all
moneys due to the Incorporation and make all the necessary
disbursements sanctioned by the Deacon and Master Court or the
Trade. He shall find two securities to the satisfaction of
the Court, to the amount of Two Hundred Pounds Sterling; he shall
not retain more of the funds of the Incorporation in his hands than
shall from time to time be fixed by the Deacon and Masters; and all
sums beyond that amount shall be deposited in such Chartered or
Joint-Stock Bank as the Court shall direct.
6. The Collector shall, as at the
30th June in each year, make up an account of his intromissions,
containing a Stock Account, an abstract showing the revenue and
expenditure during the year, and a balance exhibiting the whole
funds belonging to and debts due by the Incorporation. The
Master Court shall appoint a Committee, to which the said account
shall be submitted not later than the 1st September, who shall
examine and docquet the same if found correct. An
abstract thereof shall immediately thereafter be printed, and a
copy sent to each qualified Member along with the notice convening
the Annual General Meeting. The Account of
Intromissions, along with any balance in the Collector's hands,
shall be laid on the table at that Meeting.
CLERK AND OFFICER
7. The Clerk must be a member of
the Legal Profession; he shall attend all Meetings, prepare the
minutes, draw the Collector's Bond of Caution, and advise on all
questions of law. The Clerk and Officer shall be elected by
the Members of the Trade at a General Meeting, and shall be elected
annually at the Ordinary General Meeting for electing
Office-Bearers. They shall, respectively, be paid such salary
and dues as the Incorporation shall determine.
II. VACANCIES - HOW
VACANCIES IN COURT
8. Should any vacancy in the Court
occur by death or resignation, excepting in the case of the Deacon
or Collector, the Court shall fill it up pro tempore, until the
first General Election of Office-Bearers. The Deacon and the
Collector must always be elected at a General Meeting of the
Trade. Any person who is appointed to act as the Collector in
terms of this By-Law shall thereafter be eligible to be elected as
Deacon, even although such Collector shall not have served a full
year in office.
III. FUNDS -
APPLICATION AND INVESTMENT THEREOF
APPLICATION OF FUNDS
9. The Funds of the Incorporation
shall be exclusively appropriated to charitable and benevolent
purposes, and principally giving pecuniary aid to indigent Members,
and the widows, widowers, sons, daughters, sons-in-law and
daughters-in-law of Members; and it shall not be lawful to break up
or dissolve the Incorporation, or to divert its funds from these
POWERS OF INVESTMENT
10. The Master Court, in the
investment of the funds, shall have all the powers and privileges
which, by the Law of Scotland are or shall be conferred upon
gratuitous trustees; and particularly the Master Court shall have
the power to invest the funds in the purchase, or on the security
of Lands, Houses, Feu Duties, Ground Annuals, or other heritable
property, or of the Bonds, Debentures, Mortgages, Annuities, or
Stock of any Municipal Corporation or Trust, County Council, or
Parochial Board, or of the Clyde Port Authority or any similar body
in Great Britain, or on deposit with any Incorporated or
Joint-Stock Bank, whether British or Colonial; but no
investment shall be made in the purchase of land or house property
until the same has been approved at a General Meeting of the
Incorporation by at least two-thirds of the members present.
It shall also be in the discretion of the Master Court, subject to
the limit hereinafter specified, to invest the funds of the
Incorporation in the shares or stock, ordinary, preference or
debenture bonds or loan stock or notes of any Corporation, Company
or Undertaking, commercial, maritime, financial, industrial or
otherwise in Great Britain or in any of the dominions, colonies or
dependencies thereof or in the United States of America and having
an official quotation on a recognised Stock Exchange (but excepting
always any investments in shares or stock where there is any
liability for uncalled capital) provided that the book value of the
sums invested in terms of the discretionary power shall not in the
aggregate exceed one half of the amount standing at credit of the
Capital Account of the Incorporation at the date of investment.
11. No sum exceeding Five Thousand
Pounds shall be granted to any Benevolent Institution, unless the
proposal be made and seconded at one meeting of the Master Court,
and approved of and confirmed by a majority of the Court at a
subsequent meeting, in calling which the nature of the proposed
grant shall be specially intimated.
EXPENDITURE NOT TO EXCEED
12. The Annual Expenditure shall be
so regulated as not to exceed the Revenue; but should it happen to
do so in any one year, the expenditure must be gradually
diminished, during the three following years, to make up the
deficiency, so that the capital may remain entire.
IV. - ENTRY
13. The Freedom Fines or Entry
Monies to the Incorporation shall be the following:
- Near Hand Entrants being Sons
- Daughters, Sons-in-Law
- and Daughters-in-Law of Members
||Far Hand Entrants
The Master Court in their sole
discretion may without reason assigned refuse admission to any
applicant whether at the Far Hand or Near Hand.
In case of Applicants for
Membership at the Near-hand above forty-five and at the Far-hand
above fifty years of age, the Entry Money shall be the subject of
Applicants in any of the above
classes making a satisfactory Trade Essay shall receive a deduction
of £5.00 from their Entry Money, as at the date of making an
14. The age of an Entrant shall be
reckoned as at the birthday immediately ensuing the date of his
V. - QUALIFICATION OF
15. Every Entrant shall pay One
Pound in lieu of Quarter Accounts, Clerk's fees, etc.
16. No member shall be entitled to
hold office in the Trade unless he has been entered a Burgess of
the Trade's rank, made an Essay, or paid Five Pounds in place of
making one; but every Member who is a Merchant Burgess may be
qualified to hold office in the Trade, paying such sum to the
Trades' House as that Corporation may fix as Entry Money to the
17. The Essay to be made by
Entrants shall be a two-panel bound shutter, stuck moulded on the
face, not less than three feet long, fourteen inches broad, and one
and a quarter inches thick; and a mortised and tenoned footstool of
mahogany or hardwood, twelve inches long, ten inches broad, and ten
inches high. The intended Entrant shall bring his wood
for the Essay cut to size and dressed only, as all further work is
part of the Essay. When the intended
Entrant applies for permission to make his Essay, the Deacon shall
appoint four Essay Masters, approved of by the Court, including one
or more ex-Deacons and the Collector, who shall require the Entrant
before commencing his Essay to produce this Burgess Ticket, and
shall take such precautions as may afford every reasonable
assurance that he shall receive no assistance in making it.
The Essay Masters shall afterwards report the Essay to the Master
Court; and, if satisfactory, the applicant shall be directed to
attend at the first meeting of the Court, to take the usual
obligation, and inscribe his name in the Roll Book. When the
Essay is appointed it must be made within six weeks, under a
penalty of Fifty three pence. Those who receive permission to
commute the Essay for a Fine must exhibit their Burgess Ticket
before being allowed to qualify, and subscribe their names in the
18. No member shall be fully
qualified until he has signed the Long Roll, and made the following
declaration: - "I solemnly and sincerely declare that I shall be a
true and faithful Member of the Incorporation of Wrights in
Glasgow, and that I shall observe and obey the Laws and Regulations
made, and to be made, for the good government of the Incorporation
and Funds thereof, and in all other respects shall conduct myself
as a faithful Member of the Incorporation." This declaration
will, as a rule, be made at an Ordinary Meeting of the
Court; but the Court may, in special circumstances,
remit to the Deacon or Clerk, or any other Member of the Court, to
In the event of any Member dying or
becoming incapacitated before signing the Long Roll, and making the
said Declaration, the Court may, if satisfied that there has been
good and sufficient cause for the failure to sign the Long Roll and
make the said Declaration, authorise the Clerk to add such Member's
name to the Long Roll as of the date of his admission as a Member
and declare him qualified as of that date.
VI. - MEETINGS
19. The Deacon shall call a General
Meeting of the Incorporation, for the Lammas Court, on the first
Friday after the fifteenth day of August; and another on the first
Friday after the fifteenth day of September, for the Election of
Deacon and other Office-Bearers, and for any other business.
He shall also be bound to call a General Meeting for the
consideration of any subject that may be supposed to affect the
interests of the Incorporation on receiving a written requisition
to that effect, signed by not fewer than twelve Qualified Members,
setting forth the particular object of the meeting. The
Deacon shall convene the Master Court towards the end of December,
March, June and September yearly, for the disposal of necessary
business; as well as on such other occasions as may appear to him
20. All the Members of the Trade
(excepting pensioners) shall be warned to all General Meetings of
the Trade, by circular or post-card, posted forty-eight hours at
least before the meeting.
21. When a motion is made and
seconded at any meeting, it shall be put to the vote.
The votes may be taken either viva voce, by calling the Roll, by a
show of hands, or by division and counting the members on each
side, or by ballot, or voting papers, as may be agreed upon at the
time. Any Member duly qualified on the Long Roll for a year
and a day (except pensioners) may vote.
22. At all meetings of the
Incorporation, or of the Master Court, the Deacon shall preside,
and, in his absence, the Late Deacon; and failing him, the meeting
shall choose a Chairman pro tempore. The Deacon or Chairman,
as the case may be, shall have both a deliberative and a casting
VII. - QUALIFIED
23. The Qualified Roll shall be
made up at the Lammas Court, and shall consist of the names of
those Members who have been on the Long Roll for at least one year
and a day, and who shall have paid or redeemed their Annual
Contribution, and be free of debt to the Incorporation.
Members may have their names added at any General Meeting on paying
up their arrears.
VIII. - PENSIONS AND
24. Applications for Pensions or
pecuniary aid must be by petition, addressed to the Deacon and
Master Court, setting forth the particulars of the applicant's
condition, according to a form to be furnished by the Clerk.
The petition shall be laid before the first meeting of the Court,
and if it be entertained, the Deacon shall appoint at least two
members of the Court to visit the petitioner (or otherwise make
satisfactory inquiry into the facts of the case), who may allow
such a temporary or periodical assistance as they may think right,
until the next meeting of the Court.
25. Pensions shall be payable
quarterly in advance.
26. The Pensioners of the
Incorporation shall be visited by members of the Court, as may be
arranged, who shall ascertain the age, means, health and actual
circumstances of every individual. The visitation shall be
carried out at the convenience of Members of the Court during the
period from the day of Deacon's Choosing to the day of the Meeting
held to receive the reports of the visitors.
27. The Deacon shall summon a
meeting of the Master Court to receive the report of the Visitors,
and make up the Roll, to be held within fourteen days after the day
of the Deacon's Choosing.
28. The Court shall minutely
enquire into, and carefully consider the circumstances of every
person applying to be admitted as a Pensioner, and shall award such
sum as shall be thought fit.
PENSIONS AT WILL OF
No person shall be entitled to
demand enrolment or pecuniary aid of any kind; and the pension
shall be payable during the will and pleasure of the Master Court
Parties desirous of participating
in the benefits of the Trades' House shall lodge their applications
with the Deacon (in the form prescribed by the House), who shall
bring the same before the Court, in whom the power of recommending
to vacancies is vested.
PENSIONERS EXCLUDED FROM
Members who are, or who shall have
been, in receipt of Pensions or pecuniary aid, shall be excluded
from the Qualified Roll so long as the amount received, or any part
thereof, remains unrefunded to the Incorporation.
29. The Master Court may allow such
sum as shall be considered suitable towards the funeral expenses of
COURT MAY INCREASE OR DIMINISH
30. The Court shall at all time
have power to increase or diminish the rates of pension, and to
grant occasional extra allowances to the Pensioners, according to
the state of the funds, or as circumstances may admit or
31. Widows, widowers, sons,
daughters, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law of deceased Members,
who are Pensioners, shall forfeit their pension by marrying.
32. Pensioners who reside at a
distance must accompany their periodical application to the
Collector with a Certificate from a Clergyman or Magistrate, to
satisfy him that they are still in circumstances to require aid;
and, in the case of widows, widowers, sons, daughters, sons-in-law
and daughters-in-law, that they remain unmarried.
Any sums advanced by the Collector
before they are actually due, shall be at his own risk, in the case
of the death or marriage of the recipient.
IX. - ALTERATION OF
33. Any proposal for altering these
Rules must be made in writing, signed by twelve qualified Members,
and delivered to the Deacon; after which the same must be read at
the next meeting of the Master Court; and thereafter at the next
stated meeting of the Incorporation; after which a Special General
Meeting of the Incorporation shall be held, for the purpose of
disposing of such proposal, not sooner than two months after the
said stated General Meeting; and unless such proposal shall be
carried by a majority equal to two-thirds of the qualified Members
present at such meeting, the same shall not be adopted.
Further, it shall be incompetent to alter any Rule, or make any new
Rule or Regulation, having in view the dissolution of the
Incorporation or the appropriation of its funds, or any part
thereof, to other purposes than those hereinbefore described.
X. - THE SEAL
34. The Common Seal of the
Incorporation shall be in the custody of the Clerk and may be
affixed by him to Burgess Tickets produced by entrants.
Subject as aforesaid, the Seal shall not be affixed to any
instrument except by the express authority of a resolution of the
Master Court and in the presence of either the Deacon or the Late
Deacon or Collector or the Late Collector and of the Clerk or such
other person as the Master Court may at any time and from time to
time appoint for the purpose, and the Deacon or the Late Deacon or
the Collector or the Late Collector and the Clerk or other person
as aforesaid shall sign every instrument to which the Seal of the
Incorporation is so affixed.
All references to the masculine
gender in these Bye-Laws shall include reference to the feminine
gender and vice versa.