Bye-Laws and Regulations

INCORPORATION OF WRIGHTS IN GLASGOW

BYE-LAWS

I.  MANAGEMENT AND OFFICE-BEARERS

1. The affairs of the Incorporation shall be managed by the Master Court, consisting of the Deacon, Collector, Late Deacon, and Late Collector, Ten Trade's Masters and Two Key Keepers, of whom seven shall be a quorum.   The Master Court shall have the assistance of a Clerk, and also an Officer, if need be.

The Court may also have the assistance of Honorary Members, who shall be proposed and seconded at one Meeting of the Craft, duly called, and voted upon at the Annual Meeting of the Craft next ensuing.  Such Honorary Members shall not have a deliberative vote in the Court.

ELECTION THEREOF

2. The Deacon, Collector, Five of the Trade's Masters and One of the Key Keepers, shall be elected annually at a General Meeting of the Qualified Members, specially convened for that purpose.  The Trade's Masters shall be elected for a period of two years and five of them shall retire annually.   The Deacon shall have the privilege of appointing one Key Keeper.  Masters retiring by rotation may be re-elected Members of the Court.   Nominations for the vacant offices, except those of the Trade's Key and Deacon's Key shall be made only at the Lammas Court Meeting.  The nominations for each office of Deacon, Collector, or Master shall be made separately, and each nomination must be made by one qualified Member and seconded by another in writing.  Should a Member nominated for any office die or withdraw before the day of election and the remaining nominations be insufficient to fill the vacancies, additional nominations without any limit may be made at the General Meeting for the election of Office-Bearers.

QUALIFICATION of COLLECTOR and DEACON

3. No one shall be eligible for the office of Collector who has not been a Member of the Master Court for at least one year immediately preceding his election, and no one shall be eligible for the office of Deacon until he has held that of Collector and had his accounts honourably discharged.  Any person may be re-elected to the office of Deacon.

TRADES' HOUSE REPRESENTATIVE

4. On the day of the General Election of Office-Bearers, and immediately after the Court has been filled up, the Trade shall elect four Members of the Incorporation to represent it in the Trades' House, one Member to be Delegate for the Gorbal Lands, and one of its representatives in the House to be a Member of the Committee of the House on the Hall Buildings in Glassford Street.

COLLECTOR'S DUTIES

5. The Collector shall receive all moneys due to the Incorporation and make all the necessary disbursements sanctioned by the Deacon and Master Court or the Trade.  He shall find two securities to the satisfaction of the Court, to the amount of Two Hundred Pounds Sterling; he shall not retain more of the funds of the Incorporation in his hands than shall from time to time be fixed by the Deacon and Masters; and all sums beyond that amount shall be deposited in such Chartered or Joint-Stock Bank as the Court shall direct.

COLLECTOR'S ACCOUNTS

6. The Collector shall, as at the 30th June in each year, make up an account of his intromissions, containing a Stock Account, an abstract showing the revenue and expenditure during the year, and a balance exhibiting the whole funds belonging to and debts due by the Incorporation.  The Master Court shall appoint a Committee, to which the said account shall be submitted not later than the 1st September, who shall examine and docquet the same if found correct.   An abstract thereof shall immediately thereafter be printed, and a copy sent to each qualified Member along with the notice convening the Annual General Meeting.   The Account of Intromissions, along with any balance in the Collector's hands, shall be laid on the table at that Meeting.

CLERK AND OFFICER

7. The Clerk must be a member of the Legal Profession; he shall attend all Meetings, prepare the minutes, draw the Collector's Bond of Caution, and advise on all questions of law.  The Clerk and Officer shall be elected by the Members of the Trade at a General Meeting, and shall be elected annually at the Ordinary General Meeting for electing Office-Bearers.  They shall, respectively, be paid such salary and dues as the Incorporation shall determine.

II.  VACANCIES - HOW FILLED UP

VACANCIES IN COURT

8. Should any vacancy in the Court occur by death or resignation, excepting in the case of the Deacon or Collector, the Court shall fill it up pro tempore, until the first General Election of Office-Bearers.  The Deacon and the Collector must always be elected at a General Meeting of the Trade.  Any person who is appointed to act as the Collector in terms of this By-Law shall thereafter be eligible to be elected as Deacon, even although such Collector shall not have served a full year in office.

III.  FUNDS - APPLICATION AND INVESTMENT THEREOF

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

9. The Funds of the Incorporation shall be exclusively appropriated to charitable and benevolent purposes, and principally giving pecuniary aid to indigent Members, and the widows, widowers, sons, daughters, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law of Members; and it shall not be lawful to break up or dissolve the Incorporation, or to divert its funds from these objects.

POWERS OF INVESTMENT

10. The Master Court, in the investment of the funds, shall have all the powers and privileges which, by the Law of Scotland are or shall be conferred upon gratuitous trustees; and particularly the Master Court shall have the power to invest the funds in the purchase, or on the security of Lands, Houses, Feu Duties, Ground Annuals, or other heritable property, or of the Bonds, Debentures, Mortgages, Annuities, or Stock of any Municipal Corporation or Trust, County Council, or Parochial Board, or of the Clyde Port Authority or any similar body in Great Britain, or on deposit with any Incorporated or Joint-Stock Bank, whether British or Colonial;  but no investment shall be made in the purchase of land or house property until the same has been approved at a General Meeting of the Incorporation by at least two-thirds of the members present.  It shall also be in the discretion of the Master Court, subject to the limit hereinafter specified, to invest the funds of the Incorporation in the shares or stock, ordinary, preference or debenture bonds or loan stock or notes of any Corporation, Company or Undertaking, commercial, maritime, financial, industrial or otherwise in Great Britain or in any of the dominions, colonies or dependencies thereof or in the United States of America and having an official quotation on a recognised Stock Exchange (but excepting always any investments in shares or stock where there is any liability for uncalled capital) provided that the book value of the sums invested in terms of the discretionary power shall not in the aggregate exceed one half of the amount standing at credit of the Capital Account of the Incorporation at the date of investment.

SUBSCRIPTIONS

11. No sum exceeding Five Thousand Pounds shall be granted to any Benevolent Institution, unless the proposal be made and seconded at one meeting of the Master Court, and approved of and confirmed by a majority of the Court at a subsequent meeting, in calling which the nature of the proposed grant shall be specially intimated.

EXPENDITURE NOT TO EXCEED REVENUE

12. The Annual Expenditure shall be so regulated as not to exceed the Revenue; but should it happen to do so in any one year, the expenditure must be gradually diminished, during the three following years, to make up the deficiency, so that the capital may remain entire.

IV. - ENTRY MONIES

13. The Freedom Fines or Entry Monies to the Incorporation shall be the following:

  • Near Hand Entrants being Sons
  • Daughters, Sons-in-Law
  • and Daughters-in-Law of Members
£ Age Far Hand Entrants (£)
10.50 10 50.00
11.50 12
12.50 14
13.50 16
14.75 18
16.00 20
16.75 21
17.50 22
18.25 23
19.00 24
20.00 25
20.90 26
21.80 27
22.80 28
23.80 29
24.90 30
26.00 31 52.10
27.20 32 54.30
28.40 33 56.90
29.70 34 59.50
31.10 35 63.00
32.50 36 66.40
34.00 37 66.90
35.60 38 73.40
37.30 39 76.80
39.10 40 80.30
41.00 41 84.50
43.00 42 88.90
45.10 43 93.30
47.40 44 98.30
49.90 45 103.90
- 46 110.00
- 47 116.50
- 48 123.50
- 49 130.40
- 50 137.90

The Master Court in their sole discretion may without reason assigned refuse admission to any applicant whether at the Far Hand or Near Hand.

In case of Applicants for Membership at the Near-hand above forty-five and at the Far-hand above fifty years of age, the Entry Money shall be the subject of special arrangement.

Applicants in any of the above classes making a satisfactory Trade Essay shall receive a deduction of £5.00 from their Entry Money, as at the date of making an Essay.

RECKONING AGE

14. The age of an Entrant shall be reckoned as at the birthday immediately ensuing the date of his application.

V. - QUALIFICATION OF MEMBERS

QUARTER ACCOUNTS

15. Every Entrant shall pay One Pound in lieu of Quarter Accounts, Clerk's fees, etc.

QUALIFICATION OF OFFICE

16. No member shall be entitled to hold office in the Trade unless he has been entered a Burgess of the Trade's rank, made an Essay, or paid Five Pounds in place of making one; but every Member who is a Merchant Burgess may be qualified to hold office in the Trade, paying such sum to the Trades' House as that Corporation may fix as Entry Money to the Convener.

ESSAY

17. The Essay to be made by Entrants shall be a two-panel bound shutter, stuck moulded on the face, not less than three feet long, fourteen inches broad, and one and a quarter inches thick; and a mortised and tenoned footstool of mahogany or hardwood, twelve inches long, ten inches broad, and ten inches high.   The intended Entrant shall bring his wood for the Essay cut to size and dressed only, as all further work is part of the Essay.     When the intended Entrant applies for permission to make his Essay, the Deacon shall appoint four Essay Masters, approved of by the Court, including one or more ex-Deacons and the Collector, who shall require the Entrant before commencing his Essay to produce this Burgess Ticket, and shall take such precautions as may afford every reasonable assurance that he shall receive no assistance in making it.  The Essay Masters shall afterwards report the Essay to the Master Court; and, if satisfactory, the applicant shall be directed to attend at the first meeting of the Court, to take the usual obligation, and inscribe his name in the Roll Book.  When the Essay is appointed it must be made within six weeks, under a penalty of Fifty three pence.  Those who receive permission to commute the Essay for a Fine must exhibit their Burgess Ticket before being allowed to qualify, and subscribe their names in the Roll Book.

DECLARATION ON ADMISSION

18. No member shall be fully qualified until he has signed the Long Roll, and made the following declaration: - "I solemnly and sincerely declare that I shall be a true and faithful Member of the Incorporation of Wrights in Glasgow, and that I shall observe and obey the Laws and Regulations made, and to be made, for the good government of the Incorporation and Funds thereof, and in all other respects shall conduct myself as a faithful Member of the Incorporation."  This declaration will, as a rule, be made at an Ordinary Meeting of the Court;   but the Court may, in special circumstances, remit to the Deacon or Clerk, or any other Member of the Court, to take it.

In the event of any Member dying or becoming incapacitated before signing the Long Roll, and making the said Declaration, the Court may, if satisfied that there has been good and sufficient cause for the failure to sign the Long Roll and make the said Declaration, authorise the Clerk to add such Member's name to the Long Roll as of the date of his admission as a Member and declare him qualified as of that date.

VI. - MEETINGS

19. The Deacon shall call a General Meeting of the Incorporation, for the Lammas Court, on the first Friday after the fifteenth day of August; and another on the first Friday after the fifteenth day of September, for the Election of Deacon and other Office-Bearers, and for any other business.  He shall also be bound to call a General Meeting for the consideration of any subject that may be supposed to affect the interests of the Incorporation on receiving a written requisition to that effect, signed by not fewer than twelve Qualified Members, setting forth the particular object of the meeting.  The Deacon shall convene the Master Court towards the end of December, March, June and September yearly, for the disposal of necessary business; as well as on such other occasions as may appear to him necessary.

20. All the Members of the Trade (excepting pensioners) shall be warned to all General Meetings of the Trade, by circular or post-card, posted forty-eight hours at least before the meeting.

VOTING

21. When a motion is made and seconded at any meeting, it shall be put to the vote.   The votes may be taken either viva voce, by calling the Roll, by a show of hands, or by division and counting the members on each side, or by ballot, or voting papers, as may be agreed upon at the time.  Any Member duly qualified on the Long Roll for a year and a day (except pensioners) may vote.

CHAIRMAN

22. At all meetings of the Incorporation, or of the Master Court, the Deacon shall preside, and, in his absence, the Late Deacon; and failing him, the meeting shall choose a Chairman pro tempore.  The Deacon or Chairman, as the case may be, shall have both a deliberative and a casting vote.

VII. - QUALIFIED ROLL

23. The Qualified Roll shall be made up at the Lammas Court, and shall consist of the names of those Members who have been on the Long Roll for at least one year and a day, and who shall have paid or redeemed their Annual Contribution, and be free of debt to the Incorporation.  Members may have their names added at any General Meeting on paying up their arrears.

VIII. - PENSIONS AND PENSIONERS

APPLICATIONS FOR PENSIONS

24. Applications for Pensions or pecuniary aid must be by petition, addressed to the Deacon and Master Court, setting forth the particulars of the applicant's condition, according to a form to be furnished by the Clerk.  The petition shall be laid before the first meeting of the Court, and if it be entertained, the Deacon shall appoint at least two members of the Court to visit the petitioner (or otherwise make satisfactory inquiry into the facts of the case), who may allow such a temporary or periodical assistance as they may think right, until the next meeting of the Court.

HOW PAYABLE

25. Pensions shall be payable quarterly in advance.

VISITING

26. The Pensioners of the Incorporation shall be visited by members of the Court, as may be arranged, who shall ascertain the age, means, health and actual circumstances of every individual.  The visitation shall be carried out at the convenience of Members of the Court during the period from the day of Deacon's Choosing to the day of the Meeting held to receive the reports of the visitors.

VISITATION REPORTS

27. The Deacon shall summon a meeting of the Master Court to receive the report of the Visitors, and make up the Roll, to be held within fourteen days after the day of the Deacon's Choosing.

INQUIRY INTO CIRCUMSTANCES

28. The Court shall minutely enquire into, and carefully consider the circumstances of every person applying to be admitted as a Pensioner, and shall award such sum as shall be thought fit.

PENSIONS AT WILL OF COURT

No person shall be entitled to demand enrolment or pecuniary aid of any kind; and the pension shall be payable during the will and pleasure of the Master Court only.

TRADES HOUSE PENSIONS

Parties desirous of participating in the benefits of the Trades' House shall lodge their applications with the Deacon (in the form prescribed by the House), who shall bring the same before the Court, in whom the power of recommending to vacancies is vested.

PENSIONERS EXCLUDED FROM QUALFIED ROLL

Members who are, or who shall have been, in receipt of Pensions or pecuniary aid, shall be excluded from the Qualified Roll so long as the amount received, or any part thereof, remains unrefunded to the Incorporation.

FUNERAL EXPENSES

29. The Master Court may allow such sum as shall be considered suitable towards the funeral expenses of Pensioners.

COURT MAY INCREASE OR DIMINISH PENSION

30. The Court shall at all time have power to increase or diminish the rates of pension, and to grant occasional extra allowances to the Pensioners, according to the state of the funds, or as circumstances may admit or require.

WIDOWS ETC.

31. Widows, widowers, sons, daughters, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law of deceased Members, who are Pensioners, shall forfeit their pension by marrying.

COUNTRY PENSIONERS

32. Pensioners who reside at a distance must accompany their periodical application to the Collector with a Certificate from a Clergyman or Magistrate, to satisfy him that they are still in circumstances to require aid; and, in the case of widows, widowers, sons, daughters, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law, that they remain unmarried.

Any sums advanced by the Collector before they are actually due, shall be at his own risk, in the case of the death or marriage of the recipient.

IX. - ALTERATION OF LAWS

33. Any proposal for altering these Rules must be made in writing, signed by twelve qualified Members, and delivered to the Deacon; after which the same must be read at the next meeting of the Master Court; and thereafter at the next stated meeting of the Incorporation; after which a Special General Meeting of the Incorporation shall be held, for the purpose of disposing of such proposal, not sooner than two months after the said stated General Meeting; and unless such proposal shall be carried by a majority equal to two-thirds of the qualified Members present at such meeting, the same shall not be adopted.  Further, it shall be incompetent to alter any Rule, or make any new Rule or Regulation, having in view the dissolution of the Incorporation or the appropriation of its funds, or any part thereof, to other purposes than those hereinbefore described.

X. - THE SEAL

34. The Common Seal of the Incorporation shall be in the custody of the Clerk and may be affixed by him to Burgess Tickets produced by entrants.  Subject as aforesaid, the Seal shall not be affixed to any instrument except by the express authority of a resolution of the Master Court and in the presence of either the Deacon or the Late Deacon or Collector or the Late Collector and of the Clerk or such other person as the Master Court may at any time and from time to time appoint for the purpose, and the Deacon or the Late Deacon or the Collector or the Late Collector and the Clerk or other person as aforesaid shall sign every instrument to which the Seal of the Incorporation is so affixed.

All references to the masculine gender in these Bye-Laws shall include reference to the feminine gender and vice versa.